Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions2019-10-21T16:43:55-05:00

FAQ For Adoptive Families

1. I’m adopting privately. Can you do my home study?

Yes, as long as you are within our service area (please refer to our offices page to find an AFTH office near you.) Adoptions From The Heart is fully licensed to perform home studies for adoption in PA, NJ, DE, VA, NY, CT. Download a list of available private adoption services.

2. How many placements do you do per year?

Placements vary year to year, here is a copy of our yearly statistics.

3. I’m having trouble viewing your forms online. How can I get the information I want?

Our forms are available for viewing through Adobe Acrobat Reader. If your computer does not have this program you may have to download it from the Adobe site. If you have tried this and you are still having no luck please e-mail us and tell us your name, mailing address and programs you are interested in and we will have an information packet mailed out to you.

4. I want to use your agency but I don’t live in any of the states you are licensed in. Can I still work with you?

Our domestic program is open to families residing in any of the states we are licensed (PA, NJ, DE, VA, CT, NY) as well as Washington DC & Maryland, if you live in a state outside of these we are currently taking applications for families interested in adopting children of African-American descent. If you are interested in this adoption program please feel free to contact us and we will be happy to work with you. We won’t be able to do your home study since you are not in our service area but you can check 800-homestudy for an agency near you.

5. We want to adopt domestically but we only want a girl. Is this possible?

We just started allowing families to choose the sex assigned at birth in our domestic adoption programs. However, since women who contact us are usually still pregnant there is no way of knowing for certain what sex child they are having. If the child is already born or if the woman has had an ultrasound that determined the sex the child will be assigned at birth you will be shown for those situations. We do not force women to have ultrasounds and will not force them to wait to choose a family until after the child is born, so the wait time for this type of selection may be longer.

6. I’ve been told to get a home study done even before I decide what agency/attorney I want to use to adopt. Is this correct?

No! It is very important that you first decide if you wish to pursue adoption through an agency or privately. Then you must also decide what type of adoption you wish to pursue, international or domestic. The home study process and your completed home study will reflect not only the type of child you are hoping to adopt, but also your feelings on adoption. If you are using a licensed agency to pursue adoption that agency should provide the home study. Your social worker and the agency are your advocates, often representing you to numerous birth parent situations. They come to know you through the home study process and can act in your best interest. Also in some states agencies do not accept home studies from other agencies for many of these same reasons.

7. We are still involved in infertility treatments. Can we start the adoption process anyway?

In order to apply to our domestic adoption program you must be finished with your infertility testing. We believe that in order for a successful adoption placement to occur, each family must go through a “mourning process”; mourning the loss of the dream of conceiving and having a biological child. It is important that families deal candidly with their feelings regarding their infertility before they go forward with an adoption. If you don’t mourn the loss you feel over not having a biological child, an adopted child may always feel like a substitute, which is not fair to the biological parents or the child.

8. We have wonderful biological children and want to adopt in order to give a child a home.

Not necessarily, AFTH does not have any restrictions for prospective adoptive families in regard to infertility. Some other agencies may have this restriction.

9. We live in the U.S. but aren’t citizens. Can we adopt through your domestic adoption program? What if we are permanent residents?

AFTH accepts applications from prospective adoptive families in which one or both spouses/partners are Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) of the United States, or in which a single prospective adoptive parent is an LPR of the U.S. LPRs and other non-citizen spouses/partners will need to provide AFTH with a photocopy of their LPR (ie. “Green”) Card or other documentation verifying their immigration status.

10. We are an LGBT family. Will you work with us?

AFTH welcomes LGBT families, however families should be aware that adoption laws are decided independently by each state and international countries also have their own laws regarding whether or not LGBT families can adopt. AFTH and their clients must abide by the adoption laws in the state where the family resides or the international country they are adopting from. Families in NJ, PA, DE, NY, and CT can adopt domestically as a couple, many other states have 2nd parents adoptions laws. Current laws in Virginina prohibit co-habitating unwed couples from adopting in or from their state but single parents and legally wed lgbt families can adopt.

11. I’m single. Can I still adopt?

Yes! AFTH accepts male and female applicants from anywhere in the USA who are single. You don’t need to be married or in a relationship to adopt through us.

12. Why should I use an adoption agency instead of an attorney or a facilitator?

Adoption agencies can be public or private. They are regulated by state law and are overseen by a licensing department that ensures that they follow the laws of the state. Some states even require adoption agencies be involved in adoption procedures regardless of an attorney or facilitator being used. Using an adoption agency cuts out the middle man. Facilitators are normally people who are not licensed or regulated to do adoptions. Facilitators act as intermediaries between prospective adoptive parents and expecting parents, they must outsource the Home Study and use an attorney to finalize the adoption, which often results in high fees. Using facilitators in many states is illegal. Attorneys also must outsource their home study services and many do not provide counseling to expectant parents. Attorney’s fees can be unknown since they usually charge an hourly rate as opposed to a fee for service like most agencies. Using attorneys to facilitate adoptions is also illegal in many states.

13. What are your fees?

Adoptions From The Heart believes in transparency and has posted all of our fees on our downloadable forms, as well as estimated fees for such things as legal and inter-state costs. When looking into adoption, comparing costs of different agencies or other adoption professionals is common. Unfortunately not all agencies or adoption professionals present their fees in the same way, and many do not give all possible fees making it even harder to compare complete costs.

Latest Adoption News & Updates

Heidi Gonzalez - AFTH Associate Director
The topic of adoption is very diverse and is handled differently in many parts of the world. Here you will find the latest news and views about adoption.

October 21st, 2019 – Arizona County Assessor Charged In Adoption Scheme

Police have reported that an Arizona politician has been accuessed of paying women from the Marshall Islands to Utah where he housed them in poor facilities waiting for them to give birth. He would then take their newborn and give it up for adoption. He has been charged with human smuggling, sale of a child, fraud, forgery, and conspiracy to commit money laundering. Officials have indicated that it is clear the birth mothers and adoptive parents are victims of his money-making scheme.

June 24, 2019 – New York Legislature Votes To Unseal Adoption Birth Records

New York’s legislature has voted to end more than eight decades of secrecy around adoption, voting on Thursday, June 20, 2019 to pass a measure that will automatically open birth records for adoptees as soon as they turn 18. The new law ends a regime begun in 1935, when Governor Herbert Lehman worked to pass legislation sealing the birth certificates of adoptees. The former legislation sought to protect parents who faced significant social stigmas for having children out of wedlock or being unable to parent their children. “This truly is historic,” says Assembly member Pam Hunter, D-Syracuse, who is an adoptee herself. “It’s righting an historic wrong. It’s getting us up to the 21st Century because we are behind.” The bill passed New York’s Assembly by a vote of 126 to 2. Governor Andrew Cuomo has not yet indicated whether or not he will sign the legislation.

May 28, 2019 – Trump Administration Prepares To Ease Rules On Religious Discrimination In Adoption

President Trump looks set to roll back Obama-era non-discrimination policies that prevented adoption agencies who refuse to serve LGBTQ families from receiving federal funding. As senior Trump administration officials told Axios, administrators for the Health and Human Services Department’s Office of Civil Rights could be ready to announce a new policy as early as July. President Obama banned adoption and foster care agencies from receiving federal funds if they refused to work with same-sex couples. The Trump administration is now weighing whether to rescind those rules entirely, or create a religious exemption.

April 16, 2019 – Adoption Agency Levels Challenge Against Michigan Faith-Based Adoption Policy

Alongside an adoptive mother and former foster child, a Michigan faith-based adoption agency has filed suit against the state, challenging a recent state settlement set to curtail contracts with adoption and foster care agencies that refuse to work with LGBTQ adopters. The legal complaint asks a Michigan court to end the state’s new policy of ending contracts with adoption agencies that refer couples and singles to other agencies due to their religious beliefs. The lawsuit also asks for nominal damages and legal fees, the Detroit News reports.

In its lawsuit, St. Vincent Catholic Charities claims that Michigan’s new adoption regime violates the organization’s First Amendment rights to free exercise of religion and free speech, along with the group’s 14th Amendment rights to equal protection and rights granted under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act.

March 22, 2019 – Michigan Cuts Funding To Adoption Agencies That Discriminate Against LGBTQ Adopters

Michigan is set to cut off state funding to adoption agencies that discriminate against same-sex couples and LGBTQ individuals due to religious values. Under the terms of a settlement brokered by Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has agreed to follow non-discrimination provisions in drafting foster care and adoption agency contracts. The settlement also mandates that the department enforces its non-discrimination mandate by terminating any contracts with agencies that turn away adoptive parents because they are LGBTQ. The agreement, announced on Friday, March 22, 2018, dives to the heart of a conflict with Michigan’s Republican-led legislature, which approved in 2015 a law that allows adoption agencies the right to refuse service to members of the LGBTQ community.

February 21, 2019 – Christian Adoption Agency Sues New York Over Right To Refuse Same-Sex Couples

A Christian adoption agency in Syracuse has filed a lawsuit against the State of New York. In court documents, New Hope Family Services accuses the New York State Office of Children and Family Services of targeting its religious beliefs, after officials from the state agency asked the adoption agency to revise its adoption policies or face a shutdown.

After reviewing the adoption agency’s manual, the New York State Office of Children and Family Services called out New Hope for its “discriminatory and impermissible” policy of only placing children with married heterosexual couples. The agency refers unmarried and same-sex couples to other adoption agencies, citing its own religious beliefs.

During two hours of heated oral arguments before U.S. Magistrate Judge Mae D’Agostino, Adrienne Kerwin, an attorney for the state office, argued that any form of discrimination is illegal under the law. “This doesn’t force them to do anything other than obey the law,” Kerwin said. “There can be no exceptions when it comes to following the law. To grant an exemption is not equal protection.” The Office of Children and Family Services claims that New Hope Family Services’ policy of placing children only with heterosexual married couples violates a state law passed in 2010, which granted same-sex partners and unmarried couples the right to adopt.

The nonprofit adoption agency says it has never accepted state funding. “There’s no reason for the state to single out and punish those whose faith teaches them that the best home for a child includes a married father and mother,” according to Roger Brooks, senior counsel for the Alliance Defending Freedom. “Adoption providers exist to assist children, not to affirm the desires of adults. Children in Syracuse, throughout New York, and across the country will suffer if this discrimination and hostility toward faith-based adoption providers becomes the status quo.”

January 17, 2019 – Michigan Woman Defrauded Prospective Adoptive Parents In Birth Mother Scam, FBI Says

A Michigan woman accused of defrauding prospective adoptive parents is now under suspicion of having run a similar scam in Florida. Tara Lynn Lee, 37, has been charged for wire fraud by Michigan prosecutors. Officials from the FBI say Lee would promise the same baby to multiple families and, in some cases, lead them on about non-existent babies. A former employee of Lee, Alexandra Spadea, told reporters at WPTV that Lee made the same broken promises to families while operating a similar business in Florida. “There were families we charged $15,000 sign-on fees just to be shown a birth mom and we didn’t have any birth moms,” Spadea said. Lee operated Always Hope Pregnancy and Education Center, based out of Jacksonville, Florida, before moving to Michigan. According to the FBI, Lee scammed multiple families out of thousands of dollars. “Lee collects payments from adoptive parents ranging from $10,000 to $33,000 with additional payment due at the time of adoption. On some occasions, Lee informs two sets of adoptive parents that birth mother has chosen them and collects payments from both,” the FBI writes. In other cases, Lee would make “fabricated matches,” in which the expectant birth mother either wasn’t pregnant or didn’t exist.

December 17, 2018 – Arkansas Family Adopts 7 Siblings From Foster Care

An Arkansas couple is welcoming seven siblings into their home, just weeks before Christmas. The Hawthorne children have spent their entire lives moving from foster home to foster home, but all that has changed, now that a couple, Terry and Michael, have adopted them and offered them a forever home. The couple says that they fought for years to make the adoption official.

November 27, 2018 – Kansas Governor Vows To Fight “Discriminatory” Adoption Law

Kansas’ new governor, Democrat Laura Kelly, is setting her sights on a state adoption law that many LGBTQ advocates say is discriminatory, NBC News reports. On Thursday, November 9, 2018, Kelly vowed to review a state law, passed under the state’s prior Republican administration, that would protect religiously-affiliated adoption agencies that choose to turn away LGBTQ adopters due to their religious beliefs. Kelly’s office is now looking to see how far the state can go in not enforcing the law. “If there is a way to direct the [Kansas Department for Children and Families] to not implement that, then I will do that,” Kelly said in her first press conference since being elected state governor.

September 11, 2018 – Georgia Adoption Law Reform Goes Into Effect

Georgia lawmakers have implemented a “major overhaul” of the state’s adoption laws, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports, in hopes of helping prospective adoptive parents stay in-state to adopt children. The legal changes, which went into effect on September 1, 2018, shorten the amount of time birth parents are granted to revoke their relinquishment of parental rights, from 10 days to four days. The new law will also empower expectant parents to seek financial reimbursement for their living expenses directly through adoptive parents. The changes, reforming an adoption law that had not been updated since 1990, bring Georgia’s adoption law in line with legislation in other states.

August 18, 2018 – Adopted Girl From Peru To Stay With Colorado Couple

A Colorado couple has won their battle against US Citizenship and Immigration Services; their adopted child, born in Peru, is no longer at risk of becoming an undocumented immigrant, the Denver Post reports. Amy and her husband Marco adopted Angela in April 2017, when the couple was living in Peru. Soon, Amy accepted a job in Colorado, but the status of their adoption was in doubt. American officials judge adoption proceedings in Peru according to the Hague Adoption Convention, an international set of regulations accepted by around 90 countries. Angela’s adoption didn’t quite check out, so the US Citizenship and Immigration Services office denied the Becerras’ petition to for Angela to become a US citizen. They ordered Angela to be removed from the country by August 31. Thankfully, the situation has now changed. The Becerra family received high-level support from Colorado State Representative Mike Coffman, a Republican from Aurora. Coffman says he’s planning to cover the $1,000 in fees it will take to process Angela’s citizenship application.

July 18, 2018 – New Adoption Tax Credit Passed In Illinois

Illinois has introduced a new adoption tax credit, hoping to defray the high costs of adoption for families, the Chicago Tribune reports. Designed to encourage in-state adoption, Illinois’ new measure, passed as part of the state’s budget in May, offers families a $5,000 tax credit for a child adopted within Illinois. A $2,000 credit can be applied for adoptions of children outside the state. Like the federal adoption tax credit, Illinois’ new tax credit can be rolled over to apply to state taxes up to 5 years after an adoption is finalized.

June 5, 2018 – California Bans State Travel To Oklahoma In Wake Of New Adoption Law

California’s State government has placed a ban on taxpayer-funded travel to Oklahoma, retaliating against Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin’s decision to approve a bill allowing adoption agencies to refuse services to LGBTQ individuals and couples. “California taxpayers are taking a stand against bigotry and in support of those who would be harmed by this prejudiced policy,” says Xavier Becerra, California’s Attorney General. Becerra announced the prohibition of government travel to Oklahoma on Friday, June 1, 2018, enforcing a 2017 law that forbids State-sponsored travel to jurisdictions that “authorize or require discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression,” NBC News writes.

May 3, 2018 – Oklahoma Congress Approves Controversial “Religious Refusal” Adoption Law

Oklahoma’s legislature has passed a controversial bill that would allow religiously-affiliated adoption agencies in the State to deny their services to LGBTQ applicants. The legislation, dubbed SB1140, is now awaiting Governor Mary Fallin’s signature to become law, though Fallin has not yet indicated whether or not she supports the bill. At least seven other states have already passed similar laws, NBC News reports. Oklahoma’s proposal, as currently drafted, only applies to private adoption agencies that don’t receive federal or state funding.

March 3, 2018 – International Adoption Rate Continues To Fall, Down 76% Since 2004

The rate of international adoption has decreased by over 76% in the last 12 years, the Washington Post reports. From a peak of 22,884 in 2004, the number of foreign-born children adopted by US parents plummeted to just 5,372 in 2016. At the same time, the number of adoption agencies focused on facilitating international adoptions (a category that does not include Adoptions From The Heart) has dropped as well, from over 200 around 10 years ago to about 160 today.

February 5, 2018 – Ethiopia Bans International Adoption Of Ethiopian Children

Ethiopia has prohibited the international adoption of Ethiopian children, Reuters reports, citing concerns over child trafficking and unscrupulous adoption agencies. The country suspended international adoptions in November 2017, but allowed outstanding cases to continue. Prior to the ban, about 20% of adopted children in the United States came from Ethiopia.

January 9, 2018 – Missouri Opens Adoptee Access To Birth Certificates

Adoptees in Missouri now have the right to access their original birth certificates, thanks to a new State law that went into effect on January 1, 2018. More than 1,000 adoptees have already petitioned the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services for their personal documents, according to Fox4.

December 19, 2017 – Kentucky Judge Guilty Of Judicial Misconduct For Refusing To Handle Same-Sex Adoptions

Kentucky’s Judicial Conduct Commission has officially reprimanded Judge W. Mitchell Nance, a family court judge who gained notoriety earlier this year for publicly refusing to preside over adoption cases involving gay and lesbian couples. Since Judge Nance resigned from his post on December 16, the Courier Journal notes, a public reprimand was the only sanction still available to the Commission.

November 22, 2017 – House & Senate Preserve Adoption Tax Credit In Reform Bills

No matter what happens to our tax system over the coming months, it looks like the adoption tax credit is here to stay. As Republican lawmakers work to institute sweeping tax reforms, public outcry has taken plans to cut the valuable tax break off the table, according to the Washington Post. An early House-drafted version of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act proposed eliminating the adoption tax credit, which allows families who adopt children to benefit from a one-time tax deduction of up to $13,570. Today, both the House and Senate versions of the legislation preserve the credit.

October 2, 2017 –  ACLU Sues Michigan On Behalf Of Same-Sex Couples Rejected By Adoption Agencies

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is suing the State of Michigan on behalf of two lesbian couples who were turned away by state-funded adoption agencies that refuse to work with same-sex parents. Michigan, as the ACLU’s lawsuit notes, contracts with private adoption agencies to find adoptive parents for children in state custody. Several of these agencies openly reject same-sex couples and LGBT singles.

September 1, 2017 – Last Decade Sees Huge Increase In Transracial Adoptions

A new report from the Institute for Family Studies suggests that adoptive families in the United States have undergone “dramatic” change over the last decade, becoming far more diverse than would have been conceivable even fifty years ago. Using data from the Department of Education, Institute researchers discovered that the proportion of adopted kindergartners being parented by mothers of a different race or ethnicity increased by 50% from 1999 to 2011.

August 1, 2017 – Huge Rise In Birth Rates After Multiple IVF Cycles, Study Finds

When women undergo multiple rounds of in vitro fertilization (IFV), their chances of becoming pregnant increase, according to new research published in the Medical Journal of Australia. To analyze their hypothesis, a group of scientists from Sydney’s University of New South Wales followed 56,652 women who had begun IVF over the course of at least two years. After their first cycle of the treatment, approximately 33% of the women had given birth to a child. After that first cycle, live birth rates only grew. By an eighth cycle of IVC, between 55% and 77% of patients had delivered children, an extraordinary increase in efficacy. Success rates tended to be higher in young women (those who began IVF treatments before the age of 30), although women between 40 and 44 were still able to achieve a 38% success rate after eight cycles.

June 28, 2017 – California Bans State-Employee Travel To States With “Religious Refusal” Adoption Laws

California’s attorney general has banned government employees from traveling to Texas, citing the Lone Star State’s new adoption law, which allows publicly-funded adoption agencies to deny prospective adoptive parents on the basis of “sincerely held religious beliefs.” As of June 22, 2017, public agencies, boards and universities in California are no longer allowed to fund work-related travel to Texas, according to the Texas Tribune.

“While the California DOJ works to protect the rights of all our people, discriminatory laws in any part of our country send all of us several steps back,” said Xavier Becerra, the attorney general for California. “That’s why when California said we would not tolerate discrimination against LGBTQ members of our community, we meant it.” Becerra took similar measures in relation to Alabama, Kentucky and South Dakota, all of which recently passed their own “religious refusal” laws for adoption agencies.

June 1, 2017 – Texas Is On The Brink Of Giving Adoption Agencies Right To “Religious Refusal”

Texas’ controversial “Religious Refusal” law is one step closer to passage, after being enacted by the State’s Republican-held Senate in a 21 to 10 vote on May 21, 2017.

The legislation, dubbed the “Freedom To Serve Children Act,” would allow adoption agencies, both private and state-funded, to deny services to prospective adoptive parents on religious grounds. All that’s needed now is the signature of Governor Greg Abbott. Abbot has made the cause of “religious freedom” a key element in his gubernatorial tenure, even signing a law to protect Christian officiants who refuse to marry gay couples.

Opponents of Texas’ adoption bill say it will give religious organizations free reign to discriminate against members of the LGBTQ community, along with interfaith couples, single individuals, Jews and Muslims. Many licensed agencies in the State have admitted to turning away parents for religious reasons, according to local NBC-affiliate KXAN. Now, they hope the passage of the Freedom To Serve Children Act will guard them against lawsuits.

May 3, 2017 – Alabama House Endorses Bill To Allow “Faith-Based” Adoption Agency Policies

Alabama’s House of Representatives has passed a bill to allow the State’s faith-based adoption agencies free reign in accepting or denying their services. The law, which has garnered widespread criticism from LGBT advocates, is waiting for a signature from Alabama’s newly-minted Governor, Kay Ivey.

The State’s staunchly-conservative Senate passed the bill in a party-line vote of 23 to 9 – with the State’s 8 Democratic Senators voting in opposition, AL.com reports. A recent change to the bill, which would strip discriminatory agencies of licensing protection, convinced the State’s House of Representatives to sign on unanimously. The statute’s final language was passed by a vote of 87 to 0, with 6 abstentions.

Representative Rich Wingo, a Republican representing Tuscaloosa, said around 30% of the the state’s child placement agencies fall under the “faith-based” umbrella.

April 3, 2017 – South Dakota Passes Anti-LGBTQ Adoption Bill

On March 10, 2017, the Governor of South Dakota signed into law a bill that will allow the State’s adoption agencies to withhold their services from LGBTQ couples and individuals, Slate reports. South Dakota’s newly-passed bill, SB 149, gives any “child-placement agency” the right to refuse service on the basis of “sincerely held” religious beliefs or moral convictions. The State’s legislature has taken a broad approach to anti-LGBTQ discrimination, advocates say, choosing a term – “child-placement agency” – that extends to both adoption agencies and foster care agencies.

A similar measure was recently added to a bill making its way through the GOP-controlled legislative process in Georgia, where Republican lawmakers have deemed it appropriate for agencies to refuse couples if serving them would be in contrast to the organization’s “mission.”

March 3, 2017 – Finland Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage, Adoption

Same-sex marriages and adoptions are now legal in Finland, PBS reports, after nearly three years of opposition from conservatives in the Nordic country, including the Christian Democrats, a far-right populist party. In February, Finnish legislators denied a petition signed by over 100,000 of the nation’s citizens who demanded the legislation’s repeal, paving the way for the new law to take effect. Finland is the last Nordic country to allow same-sex couples to marry and adopt, following on the progress made in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Meanwhile, advocates for LGBTQ rights in South Dakota were dealt a serious blow on March 2, 2017, when the State’s House of Representatives voted in favor of legislation that would allow state-funded adoption agencies to deny services to prospective adoptive parents on the basis of “sincerely-held” religious beliefs. While the bill’s language will need to be re-reviewed by South Dakota’s Senate, Republican State Governor Dennis Daugaard has come out in favor of the law, calling it a “proactive” step in interviews with the Aberdeen News.

February 2, 2017 – International Adoption Center’s Abrupt Closure Interrupts Thousands Of Adoptions

Independent Adoption Center, an adoption agency with locations across the country, has abruptly closed, declaring Chapter 7 bankruptcy effective January 31, 2017. The non-profit’s unexpected demise will disrupt nearly 2,000 in-progress adoptions, the Indianapolis Star reports. Based in California, Independent Adoption Center ran satelitte offices in multiple states, including Indiana, New York, Texas and Connecticut.

January 17, 2017 – Russia’s Ban On US Adoptions Is Discriminatory, European Human Rights Court Rules

The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that Russia’s Dima Yakovlev law, which prohibits US citizens from adopting Russian children, is discriminatory. In an opinion announced Tuesday, January 17, the Luxembourg court found unanimously that Russian authorities had violated the rights of 45 American families, whose initiated adoptions were abruptly terminated in 2013. Russia suspended adoption proceedings involving 27 children in January 2013, the Associated Foreign Press reports. Now, the country has been ordered to pay the 45 families damages. Each family will receive $3,180, along with $600 in legal costs.

December 15, 2016 – 476 Adoptees Request Birth Certificates Ahead Of New Jersey Record Release

New Jersey is set to unseal the birth records of around 300,000 adopted children on January 1, 2017, in line with a law signed by Governor Chris Christie two years ago. After the law takes effect, adoptees will be able to request uncertified copies of their birth certificates from New Jersey’s Office of Vital Statistics and Registries.

476 adoptees have already applied for their birth records, according to NorthJersey.com.

November 21, 2016 – 73 Children Adopted In Connecticut On Single Day

As National Adoption Month comes to a close, thousands of families across the country are celebrating new adoptions. On Friday, November 18, 73 children were adopted in Connecticut, the Journal Inquirer reports, representing nearly 16% of the approximately 450 adoptions approved in Connecticut courts each year. The coordinated ceremonies spanned 11 separate juvenile courts.

October 20, 2016 – New York’s Highest Court Rethinks The Definition Of “Parent”

In August, the New York State Court of Appeals boldly redefined what it means – at least legally – to be a parent. Overturning a 1991 decision in which parents were defined as either biological or adoptive relatives, the state’s highest court held that non-biological, non-adoptive parents are allowed to seek custody if their “partner shows by clear and convincing evidence that the parties agreed to conceive a child and to raise the child together.”

The ruling came to resolve lawsuits involving lesbian parents, according to the Huffington Post. After separating from their partners, two non-biological mothers were denied the right to visitation with their children, since they had no claim to parenthood under New York’s 1991 decision. But “in light of more recently delineated legal principles,” wrote Associate Judge Sheila Abdus-Salaam, “the definition of ‘parent’ established by this Court 25 years ago […] has become unworkable when applied to increasingly varied familial relationships.”

The case will likely expand the rights of many prospective adoptive parents in New York, including partners in same-sex relationships who are committed to raising children they are not biologically related to.

September 22, 2016 – Parenting Techniques Matter Less Than Parents Think, Researchers Say

In their new book, “Do Parents Matter?,” researchers Robert and Sarah LeVine argue that our American obsession with parenting techniques isn’t doing children much good.

Reviewing decades of research, the LeVines found that parenting styles vary drastically across cultures. In Kenya, many mothers consciously avoid making eye contact with infants, due to traditional cultural beliefs. Among Japanese parents, on the other hand, it’s common to sleep with one’s children into the elementary-school years. But broadly speaking, the researchers argue, these apparently radical differences in parenting make little difference. Across cultures, children generally grow up to lead happy, productive lives.

The upshot, according to “Do Parents Matter?”, is that American parents should stop worrying so much about whether and how their parenting choices will affect their child’s development. Parenting, the LeVines suggest, is an art, not a science.

August 24, 2016 – Transgender Children Four Times More Likely To Live In Adoptive Families, Study Finds

In Massachusetts, around 2.3% of kids are raised in adoptive families. That proportion is very close to the national average. Across the country, about 2.4% of children are adopted, according to records from the 2010 US Census. But it may be much higher for transgender kids. In a new study, Boston Children’s Hospital found that 8.4% of the young people presenting to the hospital’s Gender Clinic had been adopted, or nearly four times the rate among the general population.

July 27, 2016 – New Jersey Supreme Court: Birth Parents Must Be Informed Of Court-Appointed Counsel

In an opinion delivered July 26, 2016, New Jersey’s Supreme Court has announced that birth parents must be informed of their right to appointed counsel during court proceedings, the New Jersey Law Journal reports. The decision applies to private adoption proceedings. Judges in New Jersey were already required to inform poor parents of their right to court-appointed representation for cases in which the state’s Department of Children and Family Services seeks to terminate a birth parent’s parental rights.

The opinion was written by Chief Justice Stuart Rabner for a unanimous court.

June 16, 2016 – New Federal Law Seeks To Help Native American Children Remain In Tribal Communities

Under a new federal law, state authorities will be required to ask whether or not an adoption meets the criteria of 1978’s Indian Child Welfare Act from the start. Judges will now have to consider if a child is Native American in foster-care and adoption proceedings, and will be required to take a child’s tribal status into account before deciding if a mother or father’s parental rights should be terminated.

Native American children are removed from their homes at incredibly high rates. The Indian Child Welfare Act was written to keep tribal families together as much as possible, and gives tribes a say in where children should be placed. Native American rights advocates say the new law, which goes into effect in December, will bring much-needed clarity to situations that often become contentious, according to Native Times.

May 24, 2016 – New Human Rights Bill Hopes To Loosen Restrictions On International Adoption

Since 2004, the rate of international adoptions, in which children living in one country are adopted by parents in another country, has dropped precipitously. Worldwide, international adoptions have declined by about 50% in the last decade. International adoptions by US parents have decreased 75%.

According to Harvard Law School professor Elizabeth Bartholet, who wrote a recent opinion in the Boston Globe, the problem is that countries with high rates of institutionalized children routinely “shut down international adoption, or create barriers that restrict it to only a lucky few.” Until recently, the US Congress seemed willing to play ball, enacting legislation that restricted international adoptions.

But Bartholet says a new bill, introduced in the House of Representatives by Pennsylvania’s Tom Marino, wants to change that. H.R. 5285 would require human rights reports to include details on how many children in other countries are institutionalized or subjected to cruel, inhuman treatment. With that information, Congress “would essentially tell the State Department to stop discriminating against children through its refusal to consider the violations of human rights inherent in their unnecessary institutionalization.”

April 14, 2016 – Alabama Bill Would Allow Adoption Agencies To Refuse LGBTQ Couples

While Alabama’s Child Care Provider Inclusion Act makes no explicit reference to homosexuality, opponents say the Bill’s intentions are clear.

House Bill 158, which was voted onto Alabama’s House floor by a health committee yesterday, would allow adoption agencies within the state to refuse services based on “deeply-held religious beliefs,” including theologically-motivated opposition to LGBTQ parents. Adoption agencies that do refuse services would be protected from state sanction, under the bill, and would be shielded from losing their licenses.

In a press release, Human Rights Campaign director Ben Needham wrote, “With an estimated 5,000 children in Alabama’s foster care system, lawmakers seem focused on enshrining discrimination rather than allowing these kids the opportunity to find loving homes they all desperately need. Religious liberty is a right afforded to all religious organizations by the U.S. Constitution, but it is unacceptable for the state to allow taxpayers’ hard-earned dollars to fund discriminatory or abusive practices.”

Around 30% of the state’s adoption agencies are run by religious groups, according to the Associated Press. If passed into law, Alabama would join Mississippi and North Carolina in offering legal protection to religious organizations that turn away LGBTQ individuals. The bill may also allow adoption agencies to turn away parents who have been divorced and those who practice religions other than the one espoused by the agency.

March 21, 2016 – Support For LGBTQ Adoption Rights Growing Among Young Americans

A new report from the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention suggests that younger Americans, those between 15 and 44 years of age, increasingly support adoption by gay and lesbian adults. Reviewing survey results collected from 2002 to 2013, the newest National Health Statistics Report found that, when prompted with the statement:

“Gay or lesbian adults should have the right to adopt”

a majority of both men and women agreed. A significant disparity exists, however, based on the gender of respondents. For women:

  • 55.4% agreed in 2002
  • 65.6% agreed between 2006 and 2010
  • 74.8% agreed between 2011 and 2013

Male respondents, on the whole, agreed less, although the proportion of males who support the rights of gay and lesbian individuals to adopt has likewise grown over time:

  • 46.9% agreed in 2002
  • 55% agreed between 2006 and 2010
  • 67.5% agreed between 2011 and 2013

While the report isn’t forthcoming with explanations, Sean Massey, PhD, a professor of Women, Gender & Sexuality Studies at SUNY Binghamton believes a growing familiarity with gay and lesbian individuals may be behind the shift in sentiments. Speaking with CBS News recently, Massey, who adopted with his husband in 2002, said, “We have more visibility, and more people see us as individuals who live nearby, which contributes to more favorable attitudes.”

February 15, 2016 – Utah’s Still Not Ready To Protect LGBTQ Families Who Want To Adopt

Some adoption agencies invoke their right to religious freedom in order to refuse LGBTQ clients. Advocates for equality argue that, beyond basic ethics, the Supreme Court legalized gay marriage so every couple should be treated on an equal footing.

Utah’s state legislature has been facing a crucial vote on a bill that would ensure married gay couples are treated with the same basic respect as heterosexual couples, by changing the state’s current adoption law from reading “man and woman” to “couple or spouse.” But after a vigorous debate on Friday, February 12, 2015, the only vote that passed (8 – 3, we might add) was to postpone any actual voting. Families in Utah are still waiting for a decision, according to LGBTQ Nation.

Meanwhile, lawmakers in Nebraska are trying to protect an adoption agency’s right to refuse LGBTQ clients. The Welfare Services Preservation Act, introduced to the state’s legislature yesterday, seems to get off on the right foot. First, it states that “Nebraska has a critical need to find and retain safe, loving and supportive homes for children.” But in it’s fourth section, you’ll read:

“In order to preserve the support that child-placing agencies offer children and families, the government should not take adverse action against child-placing agencies based on their sincerely held religious beliefs.”

That’s a mixed message if we’ve ever heard one.

January 4, 2016 – India Allows Single Parent Under 30 To Adopt Child

28 year-old Aditya Tiwari has become the youngest single parent to adopt a child with special needs in Indian history. On January 1st, Tiwari brought Binney, a one-and-a-half year old boy with Down’s Syndrome, home. You can learn more about Tiwari and his son at the India Times.

While it wouldn’t seem particularly earth-shaking here in the US, adoption of any sort is extremely difficult in India. Tiwari had been fighting since September 2014 to adopt young Binney, who has been renamed Avnish Tiwari.

Before August 1, 2015, single parents under the age of 30 weren’t allowed to adopt in India. That changed when the country’s legislature lowered the age limit to 25, but Tiwari was still faced by miles of red tape. In fact, it took the intervention of India’s Minister of Women and Child Development to make the placement official.

While India is home to an estimated 30 million orphaned children, according to The Guardian, only around 3,000 are adopted each year.

December 17, 2015 – Adoption Hits Record Low In Australia

Only 292 child adoptions were finalized in 2014, according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, marking the nation’s lowest adoption rate on record.

Over the last two decades, annual adoption rates have dropped by 75% in Australia, but the decline doesn’t reflect any reluctance on the part of parents to adopt. To explain the change, Christian Porter, the country’s federal social services minister, instead said that “adoption had fallen out of favor with state-based child protection agencies.”

State agencies, he told The Guardian on Thursday, are placing too much emphasis on “the notion that family reunification should occur at all or great cost.”

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